Agreement to Refer a Boundary Dispute to an Arbitrator Fill out the template

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Agreement to Refer a Boundary Dispute to an Arbitrator

Last revision Last revision 13/01/2024
Formats FormatsWord and PDF
Size Size3 to 4 pages
Fill out the template

Last revisionLast revision: 13/01/2024

FormatsAvailable formats: Word and PDF

SizeSize: 3 to 4 pages

Option: Help from a lawyer

Fill out the template

This document can be used by two parties who own adjoining properties and who are in dispute regarding a boundary. The document should be used where the properties are owned by individuals (as opposed to corporate entities) and where the properties are based in England and Wales. The purpose of the document is to create an agreement that the dispute about the boundary will be referred to an arbitrator.

Arbitration is a method of resolving disputes, known as alternative dispute resolution (ADR), which is an alternative to court proceedings or litigation. An arbitrator can be appointed by parties where there is a dispute in order to determine the issue. They are able to make a legally binding decision. The parties should generally consider the referral to an arbitrator after other measures have been taken to discuss and resolve the dispute. The Property Protocols website sets out a Boundary Dispute Protocol which can be referred to for the relevant steps.

There are other forms of ADR which the parties may also consider, such as mediation or determination by an expert. Where the parties are unsure which form of ADR will be most appropriate, they may wish to seek independent advice. Often, parties may choose the arbitration route for some of the following reasons:

  • a resolution to the dispute can generally be reached expeditiously (in comparison to litigation/court proceedings);
  • resolution hearings are private and the decision is not published;
  • the process can be flexible, as arbitration hearings can be fixed by agreement with the parties as opposed to listed by the Court;
  • the process can be cheaper than litigation/court proceedings;
  • the decision which is reached will be legally binding (whereas methods such as mediation are not).

Many arbitrators or institutions which appoint arbitrators will ask for evidence that both parties have agreed to refer the matter to arbitration. This document can therefore be presented in order to evidence the agreement of the parties. Furthermore, the document can set out a clear agreement to confirm the precise issue in dispute.

It should be noted that, if the dispute relates to building work which is to be carried out near to or on a boundary, the parties should refer to different provisions and procedures contained in the Party Wall Act 1996.

How to use this document

The document should be completed with the details for each party and the agreed details in relation to the appointment of the arbitrator. It can be particularly useful for the parties to create a map/plan which identifies the disputed boundary. Any such map or plan can be attached to the agreement.

Once the document has been completed with the relevant information, it must be executed as a deed. This means that each party to the agreement must sign the document in the presence of an independent witness. Care should be taken to ensure that the signatures are correctly witnessed, and that the witness is suitable and is legally able to witness the document.

Once the deed has been executed, the parties should proceed with the selected arbitration process and may be required to submit the Deed to the Arbitrator as part of that process. Each party should retain a signed copy of the agreement.

In the event that one party alleges that the deed has not been adhered to, they may wish to formally notify the party of the same before taking further action.

Relevant law

The main piece of law which governs the Arbitration process is The Arbitration Act 1996.

The main statute which governs the execution of deeds in England and Wales is The Law of Property (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act 1989.

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