A Notice to Quit is a letter which is given to a tenant/lessee requesting him/her to vacate the premises of the landlord/Lessor. This informs the tenant/lessee of the landlord's intention to evict him/her from the premises. The landlords/lessor is the owner of the premises and the person who lets the premises to the tenant/lessee in exchange for rent.
A landlord seeking to recover possession of his premises before the expiration of the tenancy must issue this notice to quit. The tenant may be evicted from the premises for several reasons, which includes late or non payment of rent, illegal activities done in the premises, constituting nuisance on the premises or breach of one or more covenants in the Lease Agreement. The notice stipulates the period within which a tenant must quit possession of the premises.
This letter details the particulars of the parties, the location of the premises, the date the notice will expire, nature of the tenancy (weekly, monthly, yearly etc) as it will determine the length of notice to be given.
The period of notice given will depend on the agreement between the parties (such as lease agreement or tenancy agreement as the case may be). In the absence of any agreement, the period of notice will be determined by the law depending on the type of tenancy which are described as follows:
Also, where there is no agreement creating the relationship between the parties, the landlord/agent may negotiate a Lease Agreement to regulate their relationship.
How to use this document
This document can be used by a landlord or an authorized agent of the landlord. This document is used when the landlord intends to eject a tenant/lessee from his/her premises. After filling the form, the form must be signed by the landlord, if the landlord will be issuing this letter. However, the form must be signed by an agent of the landlord (for example, lawyer, family relative, etc.) if an authorized agent of the landlord will issue this letter.
After signing the document, the landlord/agent is expected to serve this notice to the tenant personally. After this is done, the landlord/agent will wait until the notice period expires before serving the tenant with a seven days owner's intention to recover possession.
In Lagos State, the Rent Control and Recovery of Residential Premises Law, Lagos State Tenancy Law of 2011 is applicable. Also, the Tenancy Laws of various States are applicable.
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