Articles of Organization (sometimes called Certificates of Organization or Certificates of Formation) are the document by which limited liability companies, known as LLCs, are established, state by state. In order to begin any official business in any state, the organizers of an L.L.C. must let the local government of that state know that they plan to do business there. Many small- to medium-sized business opt to form limited liability companies. Sometimes, even one-person businesses choose to form limited liability companies to protect their assets in a certain way.
Every state has different requirements for the contents of the Articles of Organization and most states also have unique filing requirements that must be met to properly establish a new LLC. The Articles of Organization is not generally a very complicated document. There doesn't need to be too much information already established about how the L.L.C. will plan to do business. The only real requirements for Articles of Organization across most states are that the document sets out basic information about the new LLC like the LLC's name, address, registered agent, and structure.
Articles of Organization do vary immensely across states, however, so make sure the correct state of business is chosen for the new L.L.C.
How to use this document
This document can be used once organizers have decided to form a Limited Liability Company. These Articles of Organization will help compile all the information needed in whichever specific state the L.L.C. will be formed. Be aware, however, that some states have extra requirements for their Articles of Organization filing, such as the accompaniment of a cover letter or an extra consent form. This means that while this document will be what is needed for the actual Articles of Organization, additional documents may be required to to complete the formation of the LLC, which are not provided here. Before attempting to complete any filing for the Articles of Organization, check the requirements of the specific state where the L.L.C. will primarily do business carefully.
In this document, the form filler will enter the identifying details of the LLC such as name and address. The form filler will also be able to choose whether the LLC will be a professional LLC, made up of members who are subject to professional regulations in their careers (like physicians or attorneys). If the LLC is a Professional LLC (also sometimes called just a PLLC), the structure of the document may change a bit to ensure that it continues meeting all necessary requirements.
Articles of Organization are subject to the laws of individual states. There is no one federal law covering the requirements for Articles of Organization. This is because each individual state governs the businesses formed within that state.
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