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The letter for deposit of cheques pursuant to a loan agreement is a document which is used to hand over post dates cheques or undated cheques as security for repayment of the loan by a borrower. Often, lenders require borrowers to hand over cheques as security since a default in repayment of the loan gives the lender a right to deposit the cheques and claim its money back. It is a quicker way to recover the amounts loaned and therefore is preferred by some lenders including banks.
How to use this document?
This document can be used by a borrower who is required to hand over post dates cheques or undated cheques as security for repayment of a loan to the lender. In this letter for the deposit of cheques, all pertinent details can be filled out, such as the name of the borrower and lender, loan amount and cheque numbers and amounts for which the cheques are being submitted.
Two copies of the letter can be printed and signed by the borrower, and one copy can be retained for the record while the other handed over to the lender. The lender's signature can be obtained on the letter as an acknowledgement of receipt of the letter and cheques. The letter can be delivered personally if handing over the cheques in person or by post/courier.
In case the borrower deposits these cheques with the lender then, subject to the terms of the loan, a default in repayment of the loan amount would give a right to the lender to deposit the cheques for the unpaid amounts and recover the same. In case of insufficient balance in the account of the borrower, the cheque 'bounces' i.e. is dishonoured and gives a right to the lender to take action under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act under which dishonour of a cheque is a criminal offence. While there have been varying views of courts regarding the above and whether an action can be taken under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act, recent judgments of the Supreme Court appear to confirm the same.
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